Angular 2 : Pipes

In simple words, In Angular 2, a pipe takes in data as input and transforms it to a desired output. It is corresponding to what filters are in Angular 1.

A quick example :

<p>{{date | date:'shortDate'}}</p> <p>{{date | date:'longDate'}}</p>

It transforms a date string to short date and long date format.

There are three type of Pipes Angular 2 provides:

1) Builtin Pipes:

There are several inbuilt pipes provided by Angular 2 framework. Following is the list of some of the Builtin Pipes:

a) DatePipe:

date_expression | date[:format]

where expression is a date object or a number and format indicates which date/time components to include. The format can be predifined as shown below or custom as shown in the table.

Format Description
medium equivalent to 'yMMMdjms' (e.g. Sep 3, 2010, 12:05:08 PM for en-US)
short equivalent to 'yMdjm' (e.g. 9/3/2010, 12:05 PM for en-US)
fullDate equivalent to 'yMMMMEEEEd' (e.g. Friday, September 3, 2010 for en-US)
longDate equivalent to 'yMMMMd' (e.g. September 3, 2010 for en-US)
mediumDate equivalent to 'yMMMd' (e.g. Sep 3, 2010 for en-US)
shortDate equivalent to 'yMd' (e.g. 9/3/2010 for en-US)
mediumTime equivalent to 'jms' (e.g. 12:05:08 PM for en-US)
shortTime equivalent to 'jm' (e.g. 12:05 PM for en-US)

Example :
{{ dateObj | date }} // output is 'Jan 10, 2016'

{{ dateObj | date:'medium' }} // output is 'Jan 10, 2016, 2:10:15 PM'

{{ dateObj | date:'shortTime' }} // output is '2:10 PM'

{{ dateObj | date:'mmss' }} // output is '10:15'

b) UpperCasePipe,

expression | uppercase

It converts value into an uppercase string using String.prototype.toUpperCase().

<p>In uppercase: <pre>'{{value | uppercase}}'</pre>

c) LowerCasePipe:

expression | lowercase

It converts value into a lowercase string using String.prototype.toLowerCase().

<p>In lowercase: <pre>'{{value | lowercase}}'</pre>

d) CurrencyPipe:

number_expression | currency[:currencyCode[:symbolDisplay[:digitInfo]]]

currencyCode - the ISO 4217 currency code, such as USD for the US dollar and EUR for the euro.

symbolDisplay - a boolean indicating whether to use the currency symbol or code.
true - use symbol (e.g. $).
false(default): use code (e.g. USD).

digitInfo -
digitInfo is a string which has a following format:

e) PercentPipe:

number_expression | percent[:digitInfo]
where digitInfo is same as mentioned above.

Note : Pipes can be chained as:{{ birthday | date | uppercase}}

2. Async Pipes:

observable_or_promise_expression | async

An async pipe subscribes to an Observable or Promise and returns the latest value it has emitted. When a new value is emitted, the async pipe marks the component to be checked for changes.

3. Custom Pipes:

We can create very own custom pipes by using the @Pipe decorator and implementing the PipeTransform interface:


import { Pipe, PipeTransform } from 'angular2/core'; 

@Pipe({ name: 'HtoS' }) 
export class HoursToSeconds implements PipeTransform { 
  transform(value: string, args: any[]){
  return parseFloat(value)*3600; 

Live Code:

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